Northern Africa

The six nations of Northern Africa: Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Sudan, Libya and Algeria, are encompassed by the expanse of the Sahara Desert and consist of predominantly Islamic cultures. Egypt is by far the most populous of these nations, with 83 million people, and it also has the largest GDP ($188 billion in 2009). Egypt and Morocco each have fairly active public stock markets, with the fourth and third largest market capitalizations on the continent, respectively – behind only South Africa and Nigeria.